Assessment is the process of determining whether learning objectives have been met. Assessment is an essential component of of instructional design. Important assessment terms can be found in the assessment glossary.


The first step in creating instruction is setting learning objectives. These are the same objectives that are used in assessment

educational objectives

There are two types of instructional objectives, general instructional objectives (GIO) and specific learner outcomes (SLO).

General Instructional Objective (GIO)
Information about GIO coming soon

Specific Learner outcomes (SLO)
- you will always have multiple SLOs for each GIO.
SLOs are "indicator behaviors" - no one of them by themselves is sufficient, but together they provide evidence that the GIO has been acheived. SLOs are not prerequisite behaviors for the GIO (that would be a different GIO).

Evaluating Objectives


Creating Test Items

Constructed Response
generate your own options, such as essay and short answer questions.

Context Dependent Item Sets

Selected Response
choosing from options provided, such as multiple-choice, matcing, alternative response (true/false, yes/no, and any other binary choice questions)

Guidelines - (3-11)



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